Vessel Histories Definitions
A major Great Lakes vessel is defined as one which at some time during its Great Lakes service was measured at 1000 or more gross registered tons under the measurement rules of the flag country. A vessel is in Great Lakes service if it is in commercial service transporting cargo (including passengers) between ports on the Great Lakes or the St. Lawrence River above tidewater or between ports on the Great Lakes and ports on the lower St. Lawrence River. Excluded are vessels operating exclusively within a harbor; government, private use (yachts) and other non-commercial vessels; scows; dredges and tugs. Also excluded are vessels trading into but not on the Great Lakes (“salties”), even though they may happen to carry a cargo between two Great Lakes ports incidental to a voyage into the Lakes. These histories generally do not include details concerning the operations of vessels while in service off the Great Lakes, other than name changes and final disposition where known. They also do not include much detail about motive power (diameter of cylinders, length of stroke, boiler details, etc.), since I have little knowledge about this subject and therefore would have no way of judging the probable correctness of any data of this kind that I might find. (I was a deckhand during my college summers, not a coal passer!) Other researchers have most adequately covered this area.
The names of vessels, both while in Great Lakes and off-Lakes service, are shown in bold face type. Also in bold face type are the names of operating companies and vessel official numbers while the vessel is in Great Lakes service.
The years noted at the upper left and upper right corners of each history are the beginning and ending years the vessel was in Great Lakes service. A year in parentheses before the year in or after the year out are years operated in off-Lakes service before and/or after service on the Lakes, and in a few cases year built of a vessel built on the Great Lakes which did not enter service for a period after build.
Example: Cayuga was built in 1920 on speculation by the shipyard for hopeful sale for off-Lakes service. A buyer could not be found and she remained out of active service. She entered service on the Great Lakes in 1922 and operated on the Lakes for some years until her eventual sale off the Lakes. I have listed her as having entered service in 1922, with year 1920 in parentheses to indicate year built, and as having left in 1937, with year 1938 in parentheses to indicate year lost.
Vessel dimensions are from a number of sources. Where my files did not include length overall (LOA), I have frequently borrowed the figure, adjusted where appropriate for lengthenings and shortenings, listed in the Greenwood Namesakes series. Length between perpendiculars (LBP) and moulded breadth and depth have come from the Record of the American Bureau of Shipping unless that figure is clearly in error (and in most such cases these errors have been corrected by them in later editions). Registered dimensions and tonnages are from the vessel enrollments where available to me or from U. S. and Canadian official publications. American vessel registered dimensions through June 30, 1898 were published in tons and hundredths of a ton. Beginning July 1, 1898 the decimals were dropped (NOT rounded). (Until mid-1864 U. S. vessels were measured in feet and inches under very different measurement rules. Net tonnages were not published until 1882.)
A note about numbering vessels with the same name: Different researchers have different ways of keeping track of vessels with the same name. Some number all of them, including tugs. Others just number vessels in the same fleet. My system numbers my metal-hulled “major vessels” (including composite vessels) in the order they first carried that name in Great Lakes service. A name carried by a vessel exclusively in off-Lakes service is ignored. A separate numbering system is used for wooden vessels, which were renamed and duplicate-named much less frequently than metal vessels.